Policy Recommendations

Democratic Efficacy and the Varieties of Populism in Europe

Andrej Školkay and Veronika Viss-Vagh


This report summarizes and evaluates the proposed policy recommendations. An evaluation framework has been set up for this purpose. A short discussion on methodological challenges has been included, too. In addition, recent related policy recommendations on populism have been taken into account. A total of 60 policy recommendations were identified. Despite a respectable number of proposals, only some policy recommendations can be considered as original contribution to the debate. Within this group, some of the original policy recommendations had other shortcomings (e.g. vagueness of the proposal or possible problematic political feasibility). The report proposes how to address the identified challenges in terms of the final selection of appropriate policy recommendations, the final wording of their texts as well as their distribution among proper stakeholders.

Full report